Largest Hajj Pilgrimage in History Commences at Makkah’s Grand Mosque

By | June 26, 2023

The annual Hajj pilgrimage in Makkah’s Grand Mosque is set to witness an unprecedented gathering of Muslims from around the world. With over 2 million faithfuls from 160 countries expected to participate, this year’s Hajj is poised to break attendance records. The Saudi Ministry of Hajj and Umrah predicts that the number of pilgrims will exceed 2.5 million, making it the largest Hajj pilgrimage in history. In this article, we delve into the significance of the Hajj, the rituals involved, and the challenges faced during this remarkable event.

The Significance of Hajj

Hajj, one of the five pillars of Islam, is a religious obligation for all Muslims who are financially and physically capable. It entails a series of rites that take place over four days in Makkah and its surrounding areas. The pilgrimage is a deeply spiritual journey, allowing Muslims to cleanse their souls, seek forgiveness, and strengthen their connection with Allah.

The Commencement of Hajj

On a momentous Sunday morning, the Hajj began with the “tawaf,” the circumambulation of the Kaaba. Muslims worldwide pray towards the Kaaba, making this initial rite deeply significant. Saeed Abdel Azim, a 65-year-old Egyptian who had saved for 20 years to participate in the Hajj, described the experience as the fulfillment of a lifelong dream.

Moving Towards Mount Arafat

After the tawaf, the pilgrims started their journey towards Mount Arafat, the climax of the Hajj. Mina, located approximately five kilometers from the Grand Mosque, served as the gathering point before the ascent. As the influx of pilgrims arrived, the world’s largest tent city prepared to accommodate them, ensuring the provision of essential supplies and deploying security forces to maintain order.

An Atmosphere of Devotion

In the vicinity of the Grand Mosque, vibrant scenes unfolded as thousands of worshippers prayed on colorful carpets, dressed in simple white robes. The area bustled with ambulances, mobile clinics, and fire trucks, prioritizing the safety and well-being of the attendees. While security concerns have marred previous Hajj seasons, this year’s pilgrims remained focused on their spiritual journey, expressing gratitude for the opportunity to perform the Hajj.

Ensuring Safety Amidst Challenges

The Hajj presents significant security challenges, requiring meticulous planning to ensure the well-being of the participants. Following the tragic stampede in 2015, which claimed thousands of lives, Saudi authorities have implemented comprehensive measures to prevent similar incidents. Additionally, the scorching summer temperatures have posed a test of endurance for the pilgrims. With the mercury rising towards 45 degrees Celsius (113 degrees Fahrenheit), the authorities have stationed policemen throughout the mountainous city, conducting foot patrols and establishing checkpoints to monitor Hajj permits. Furthermore, a vast workforce of over 32,000 health professionals remains on standby to address cases of heatstroke, dehydration, and exhaustion.

The Economic Impact of Hajj

Apart from its religious significance, the Hajj is a major economic driver for Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest oil exporter. With the country’s ongoing efforts to diversify its economy, the Hajj plays a crucial role in generating revenue. This year’s pilgrimage is anticipated to be the largest since 2019, with billions of dollars expected to flow into the Saudi economy. The removal of the restriction in 2021, which previously prevented unaccompanied women from participating in the Hajj, has further contributed to the increase in pilgrim numbers.


The largest Hajj pilgrimage in history is underway in Makkah’s Grand Mosque, drawing millions of Muslims from around the world. As pilgrims embark on this sacred journey, they seek spiritual enlightenment, forgiveness, and an opportunity to strengthen their faith. The Hajj is a testament to the unity and devotion of the global Muslim community, transcending borders and cultural differences. With robust measures in place to ensure safety and well-being, this year’s Hajj promises to be a remarkable and transformative experience for all those fortunate enough to partake in it.

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